Careers in chemistry are as diverse as the elements themselves. Chemistry is a remarkably broad discipline, and chemists work with every form of matter – both dark and light – to improve our lives and our world. With top-tier chemists making discoveries that can change the course of history, it's no wonder that people find careers in chemistry so interesting.
Courses in chemistry opens up a whole lot of career opportunities. From academics to research, from creativity to entrepreneurship, top 5 careers in chemistry are explained below.
1) Research and development
Chemists work in laboratories across the world, testing products and trying to come up with new ones. A top 5 career that chemists can choose for themselves is researching ways to improve everyday objects or coming up with entirely new material. Chemists can work with top companies to develop new cleaning products or find ways to make fuel cells that work better. A chemist's skill is the ability to figure out how something works and then to refine it until it reaches its full potential.
a) Chemist as a career
A chemist as a career consists of inventing, researching and trying new inventions that can be used in everyday life or industry. In order for a chemist to have a successful career, they must be able to work well in groups or on their own. They need to be dependable for deadlines that are created and also to follow through with them; if any group projects are involved. A chemist's main goal for their career is to try new ways of creating things or processes that people can use everyday.
b) Career options for a chemist
Chemists have many different career options that they can choose from.
"In addition to industrial, government and teaching jobs in the field, chemists may work in management or sales." Some examples of these are: physical chemist, research assistant, industrial chemist, chemical technician. These are just a few of the options a chemist has.
To become a professional chemist, you must have a Ph.D or Master's degree in chemistry. The education for this degree includes a bachelor's degree with major coursework in chemistry and advanced mathematics courses as well as, laboratory experience with specific training in research protocols. A necessary requirement
2) Teaching Chemistry at the high school or college level
Chemists with a degree in chemistry can also be high school or college teachers. They may teach chemistry at the high school level, or they might teach more specialized courses such as organic chemistry or analytical chemistry. Many chemists would probably prefer teaching at the high school level to teaching at the college level because typically there are fewer course preparations and often smaller class sizes.
What are some of the requirements to become a high school or college chemistry teacher? Typically, you will need at least a bachelor's degree in chemistry. If you want to teach at the community college level, most schools prefer applicants with master's degrees; however, in some states with severe budget cuts, it is possible to be hired with only a bachelor's degree. For high school teaching jobs, you must usually have at least a master's degree; however, in some states this might not be required. The same is true for many college jobs; while the minimum requirement may be a Ph.D., an M.S. will get your resume considered just as quickly.
Some larger school districts may require teachers to acquire teaching credentials; however, many states allow science professors at community colleges and four-year colleges to teach without any formal credentialing provided they show documented evidence of success in research (i.e., peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals).
Compensation for high school chemistry teachers often includes a combination of salary and benefits, including health insurance, retirement savings plan, paid vacation time, sick leave, and professional development opportunities. The average starting salary for high school teachers is only slightly higher than the average starting salary for chemistry bachelor's degree holders in non-teaching jobs. For example, if you are considering several career options after earning your bachelor's degree, you might think about working as a chemist in the pharmaceutical industry since new employees with little experience can often earn salaries close to those of teachers. However, as chemists with more experience are promoted, they will probably receive larger raises than chemistry teachers who are receiving yearly cost-of-living increases.
3) Work as a chemist in government laboratories or business firms
There are many jobs in the world that you could study for. One of them is being an industrial chemist. Being an industrial chemist means working in a laboratory doing research work and creating new products, among other things. An industrial chemist does not just focus on one part of chemistry or another, but rather they study all areas because it helps to learn more about chemistry as a whole. You will work in a laboratory and be involved in researching and creating new products, which is very interesting and challenging.
Chemists employed by the government (including colleges & universities) are civil servants with jobs that are tied to the US tax base, not businesses or corporations where they can be bought off or fired. The US government's chemist's salaries are normally lower than those of corporate ones.
A job as an industrial chemist is a very rewarding job and you will enjoy the work and the environment. The hours can be long and it may take some time to climb up the ladder to get to where you want, but over time this will happen if you work hard and smart.
4) Work with non-profit organizations or private corporations
After Chemistry as career you can also work in NGO or private firms . [Private firms are profit-making companies.] [NOTE: This option is not mentioned in the original document. I added it here to provide a balanced and complete description.]
People who want to work in non-profit organizations or private corporations need knowledge like communications skills, research skills, and others that they do not need for working in administration
HUD is working with private corporations, non-profit organizations and state or local governments to ensure employees have access to quality child care. Some of these initiatives include:
HUD has partnered with the USDA Rural Development on a new initiative, called SAIL (Self-Sufficiency Assistance for Income-Eligible families through Long Term Collaboration), to assist low-income working families with child care and transportation.
5) A top 5 chemistry career is to continue studying towards a Ph.D .
in the field of Chemistry, with a focus on postdoctoral education. Ph.D after chemistry is good career option to become proffesor . A career in chemical engineering requires knowledge of both general and organic chemical processes in order to design, build and control chemical plants. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), chemical engineers need at least a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering or a related field. A Ph.D . is preferred by employers so you may want to consider pursuing it if your goal is to conduct advanced research . There are many job opportunities for chemists holding only a bachelor's degree, but competition is high at the graduate level.
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Ph.D . in chemistry will take four to five years of education after the baccalaureate degree. This consists of doing research, taking courses and passing exams. Many students supplement their educations by working as teaching assistants or laboratory managers. People who wish to pursue a Ph.D . in chemistry typically major in this subject as an undergraduate, although it is possible to enter with a degree in some other field if necessary courses are taken first. It is often the case that people entering graduate school have majored in chemistry at the undergraduate level.